In a breakthrough that may lead to better dementia treatment for people, blood from mice with a high level of fitness has been shown to improve brain function in couch-potato companions.

The brains of older adults with a high level of activity, such as young mice, were found to benefit from blood injections. 

A single inflammation-fighting protein called clusterin seemed largely responsible for the benefit. 

While experiments with mice cannot be guaranteed to transfer to people, researchers found an increase in the levels of protein in older adults who exercised. 

Professor Tony Wyss-Coray of Stanford School of Medicine, California said that the discovery may open up the possibility of treatments to reduce brain inflammation and slow down the progression of neurodegenerative diseases. 

Study: Blood from ultra-fit mice has been found to boost brain function in their couch-potato counterparts, in a discovery that could one day lead to new dementia treatments for humans

Study: The brain function of ultra-fit mice was boosted by blood taken from them. This discovery could lead to new therapies for people with dementia.


Dementia refers to a variety of brain diseases, including those that can affect cognition, memory and thinking.

Dopeezil (brandname Aricept), Exelon (rivastigmine) and Reminyl (galantamine) are effective in relieving symptoms, but they tend to get less effective over time as the condition gets worse. 

What are the other lifestyle issues that everyone should address to prevent dementia?

To get a good night of sleep, you should be in bed before 10 p.m.

Senior research fellow Dr Ian Harrison at University College London who specializes in brain imaging and is a member of the Centre for Advanced Biomedical Imaging, states that he swears by getting a good night sleep to lower his own risk. My habit used to be to stay up later than I do now, however, I have been strict to get to sleep at 10 p.m. every night for three years, including weekends. 

Mints with xylitol can be enjoyed as a snack.

Chris Fox, professor of clinical psychotherapy at the University of East Anglia Medical School said that he takes good care of his teeth to decrease the likelihood of getting dementia.

“I like mints that contain xylitol.” [an artificial sweetener]To maintain a healthy microbiome (the community of bacteria found in your mouth),

As bacteria can trigger inflammation in the brain, it has been suggested that dementia may be connected to poor oral hygiene. 

Walking on roads with busy traffic is a bad idea.

Dr Tom Russ, director of the Alzheimer’s Scotland Dementia Research Centre, at the University of Edinburgh, said: ‘I make a conscious effort to avoid walking along main roads and find back street routes where possible.’’

In 2020, the Lancet Commission included air pollution on its list as modifiable risk factors for dementia reduction.

Halve alcohol intake

Paul Matthews is a Director at the UK Dementia Research Institute. He said, “We recently did a study which shows there’s an association between drinking and higher rates brain volume loss.”

He said, “I’ve reassessed my alcohol intake since the completion of this study and have cut down to seven to ten units per week from 14”.

When cooking, don’t salt

Dr Sarah Naomi James at University College London is a dementia research fellow. Don’t salt my food.

Although blood pressure is a natural part of aging, there seems to be something important about the mid-life period. However, we do not know how it works. 

“One theory though is that the brain can be damaged by pulsating stress.

Exercise has been shown to have a variety of beneficial effects on the brain.

Wyss Coray said: “We have discovered that the exercise effect is largely due to blood factors, and that we can transfer this effect to an older, less active individual.” 

Researchers found that injecting blood from the “marathoner” mice to reduce inflammation in brains of the restrained mice led to a reduction of inflammation.

According to Wyss–Coray, anyone who has ever had flu symptoms can understand the impact on cognitive function caused by a viral infection.

He said: ‘You get lethargic, you feel disconnected, your brain doesn’t work so well, you don’t remember as clearly.’

It’s likely that the inflammation caused by the infection has led to this condition. When the body’s immune system is able to fight off infection, inflammation can spread into their brain.

Wyss–Coray also stated that a comparable type of neuroinflammation is strongly associated with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s.

These experiments were based on the fact mice love running. You can give a mouse cage access to a wheel that is a couple inches wide and it will run 4-6 miles per night. 

You can lock the wheel so that the mouse logs only a tiny fraction of your exercise.

Researchers placed functional and locked running wheels in the cages for 3-month-old laboratory mice. These lab mice are similar to humans 25 years old metabolically. 

Marathoner mice had significantly more neurons than sedentary mice after a month of running.

Next, researchers took blood samples from runners mice and sedentary rodents as controls.

After three days, they injected plasma from the marathoner and couch-potato mice to other sedentary mouse. 

In two lab memory tests, marathoner plasma-injected sedentary mice outperformed those who had been given couch-potato plasma.

Furthermore, plasma taken from marathoner mice by sedentary mice resulted in more new neuron-generating cells. 

Tests were conducted to determine how the mice learned that certain sounds indicated that the cage floor was about to shock them with an electric shock.

This was calculated by researchers looking at how the mice react to shocks.

Wyss Coray claimed that mice that were given runner blood were much smarter than the ones Wyss-Coray observed. The blood of runners clearly did something to the brain even though it was not delivered directly. 

Clusterin, a protein found in the plasma of marathoner mice, was also removed by researchers to negate its anti-inflammatory effects on the brains and sedentary mice. 

Scientists found no other proteins that had similar results.

The blood of marathoners had significantly higher levels of clusterin than that found in couch potato runners. 

Additional experiments revealed that clusterin can bind to brain endothelial cell receptors, which are the cells that line blood vessels in the brain. 

Although experiments involving mice are not guaranteed to translate to humans, when researchers looked at the blood of older people who had carried out an exercise regime, they found that levels of the same protein had risen (stock image)

While experiments with mice cannot be translated to human beings, researchers found an increase in the levels of protein after examining the bloodstream of people over 60 who exercised (stock photo). 

WyssCoray said that the majority of Alzheimer’s patients have inflamed cells. Wyss-Coray’s research revealed that blood cells can transmit chemical signals to the brain from the blood.

Even though clusterin is administered externally, the drug was able reduce brain inflammation in mice from two strains.

Researchers also discovered that twenty military veterans who had mild cognitive impairment and were a precursor for Alzheimer’s disease experienced elevated levels of clusterin in their blood after they completed a six month aerobic exercise program.

Wyss-Coray speculated that a drug that enhances or mimics clusterin’s binding to its receptors on brain endothelial cells might help slow the course of neuroinflammation-associated neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s.

This research was published in Nature. 


Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a range of neurological disorders

A variety of neurological disorders can be described by the umbrella term “dementia”.


A broad term that describes a variety of neurological conditions (those that affect the brain), called dementia, is used to refer to a wide range of cognitive disorders. They can impact thinking, memory and behavior. 

There are many different types of dementia, of which Alzheimer’s disease is the most common.

There may also be a mixture of both types of dementia.

No matter which form of dementia you are diagnosed with, everyone will experience your disease in their own way.

While dementia can be a concern worldwide, the majority of cases are found in countries that have a high level of wealth and where many people will live to very old ages.


The Alzheimer’s Society reports there are more than 850,000 people living with dementia in the UK today, of which more than 500,000 have Alzheimer’s.

According to estimates, the UK will have over 1,000,000 people with dementia by 2025.

It is estimated that there are approximately 5.5 million Alzheimer’s patients in the United States. The future is predicted to see a similar rise in this percentage.

As a person’s age increases, so does the risk of them developing dementia.

Although the rate of dementia diagnosis is improving, many patients are still not diagnosed.

Is there a cure?

There is currently no treatment for dementia.

New drugs may slow the progression of the disease, and it’s better to be treated as soon as possible.

Source: Alzheimer’s Society