These 100 year-old, fascinating photographs show how life was for African Americans in segregation years after slavery ended. They are available for auction.

These images depict children and women picking cotton in South during Jim Crow.

These photos were taken along the Southern Railway’s route through Virginia, Carolina, and Mississippi at the beginning of the 20th century. They were then used to create a series magic lantern slide presentations for British audiences on life after Emancipation.

Although slavery was abolished with the 13th Amendment in 1865, many blacks still lived under segregation, which prevented them from accessing education, transportation, and other public services for years.

These images also show white farmers adapting the postwar shift in agriculture after slavery was freed, but receiving little tax.

This lecture was titled “Life Among the Darkies” and shows the prevailing racism on both sides.

E G Wood supplied the lecture slides, which were manufactured from London by a lantern- and slide maker. 

Some of the glass slides were hand-colored and will be available for purchase at David Lay Auctioneers, Cornwall, Great Britain.

The identity of the photographer is unknown. 

Mimi Connell Lay of David Lay said that the slides were remarkable social history documents. They capture African Americans and white farmers and their families in Mississippi, Virginia, and Carolina.

“Although many of the subjects are barefoot or dressed in rags, they still capture beautiful shots.”  

A group of black women wash clothes while standing barefoot in the dirt in one of the series of lecture slides taken in the American Deep South around 1900. After the Civil War, many emancipated women were employed as washer women or laundresses. More than half of African American women worked as washerwomen, typically earning $4 to $8 per month, worth around $130 today. Around 500 washer women organized a strike in 1881 in protest against their pay, which led to small increases for some workers

In one series of slide presentations, a group of women from the black community washes their clothes while standing naked in the dirt. This is taken around 1900 in the American Deep South. Many emancipated females were hired as laundresses or washerwomen after the Civil War. Washerwomen made up more than 50% of African American women. They typically earned $4-8 per month and are worth approximately $130. In protest of their wages, 500 washerwomen organized a strike on 1881. This led to some small raises for some workers.

A vast amount of the slaves brought from Africa and the Caribbean to the US were made to cotton pick on plantations during the harvests. But after their emancipation in 1865, many continued working in the fields. But in the South, the wage system had not been such a part of plantation life, meaning many businesses failed and workers were paid a pittance. Instances of racial violence and lynchings were still a feature of life on the farms which led to uprisings against owners. In 1891, a cotton-picking strike in Arkansas led to nine of the protesters being lynched

Many slaves came from Africa and Caribbean, where they were forced to pick cotton on the plantations. Many slaves continued to work in the fields after they were freed in 1865. The wage system was not as important in the South. Many businesses were closed and workers received a meager salary. Racial violence, lynchings and other forms of violence were still commonplaces on farms. This led to rebellions against their owners. A cotton-picking strike at Arkansas in 1891 led to the execution of nine protesters. 

Two barefoot young women wearing pinafore dresses draw water from a well in one of the series of lecture slide images up for auction tomorrow. Schools were segregated during the Jim Crow era, with schools for white children receiving vastly more funds. The few schools available for black children were overcrowded and many did not attend as they were needed for work on the farm. Those that did attend were often forced to take classes all together in one room, with pupils from reception to eighth grade

A series of slide images featuring two young, barefoot women in pinafore dress drawing water from the well at their home. They are being auctioned tomorrow. Schools were separated during Jim Crow. White children got much more money than schools for their black students. There were few black schools, and most of them were too crowded. Many were not able to attend because they had to work on farms. Many of those who did go were forced to attend classes in one classroom with students from kindergarten through eighth grades.

A family cooks together outdoors over a pit, wearing threadbare clothes and no shoes. Slavery was abolished in the US in 1865 with the passage of the 13th Amendment, which banned the practice apart from punishment for a crime. Slave owners were not compensated and Texas was the final state reached by the Union soldiers. On June 19, 1865, the army reached Galveston, Texas, where they declared the war and slavery were over. This date is now remembered as Juneteenth, a federal holiday in the US

The family gathers around a fire pit to cook together, while wearing only their most basic clothes. The 13th Amendment was passed in 1865, and slavery was banned in America. The Union soldiers did not pay compensation to slave owners and Texas was their last state. The army arrived in Galveston (Texas) on June 19, 1865. There, they declared victory over slavery and ended the war. Now, Juneteenth is a Federal Holiday in the USA.

Among the series of images is a white farming family posing for a photo together.  The majority of white farmers had worked on smaller subsistence farms that provided food for their families and locals before Emancipation. But after the Civil War ended, the price of cotton plummeted and larger plantation farms were split up into smaller farms. Poorer white farmers then then started growing their own cotton

One of the images shows a family of white farmers taking a photograph together.  Most of the white farmers were employed on subsistence farms to provide food for their family and neighbors before Emancipation. After the Civil War, cotton prices plummeted. Larger plantation farms were divided into smaller farms. The poorer white farmers began to grow their cotton.

A black family stand around a wooden house in the series of images captured around 1900. The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which was ratified in December 1865, secured the freedom of slaves apart from as a potential punishment. Many of the people pictured in the lecture slides would have likely been either born into slavery or be descendants of slaves

The series of images was taken in 1900 and shows a family standing around a house made from wood. In the series of images taken around 1900, a black family stands in front of a wooden house. The 13th Amendment was added to the United States Constitution. It was ratified December 1865. The lecture slides show that many of the individuals pictured were either slaves or descendants of slaves.

A woman stands with a young child over a barrel in one of the stark images of agricultural life in the American South. Controversial rules, dubbed the Jim Crow laws meant that all public facilities in the Southern states of the former Confederacy had to be segregated. The laws, which were enacted between 1876 and 1965 were intended to give African Americans a 'separate but equal' status, although in practice lead to conditions that were inferior to those enjoyed by white people

In one stark image of American South agriculture, a woman is seen standing with her young son over a barrel. The Jim Crow laws, controversial rules that made it impossible to segregate public services in Southern Confederacy states were known as the Jim Crow laws. These laws were passed between 1876-1865 and were meant to grant African Americans an ‘equal but separate’ status. However, in practice they led to inferior conditions than those enjoyed by whites.

A man carries a basket of cotton from a wooden hut. In the decades after the Civil War, most African Americans who lived in the 'cotton kingdom' of the deep south continued to work for white people, with a majority in the cotton business ¿ and while they were free, their wages often didn't reflect that

From a wooden shelter, a man is carrying a cotton basket. In the decades after the Civil War, most African Americans who lived in the ‘cotton kingdom’ of the deep south continued to work for white people, with a majority in the cotton business — and while they were free, their wages often didn’t reflect that

White farmers chop wood using axes and saws while a dog watches on. The images were turned into magic lantern slides and used to illustrate lecture tours around Britain, showing people what life was like in southern USA at the time

While a dog looks on, white farmers cut wood using saws and axes. These images were made into magic lantern slides that illustrated lecture tours in Britain. They showed people how life was in the south at that time.

A family stand in front of a house in one of the photos up for auction tomorrow. The US was one of the last major Western nations to abolish slavery and many forms of legislated segregation remained in place until the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s

One of the photographs up for auction today shows a family standing in front of their house. The United States was among the Western countries that abolished slavery. Many forms of segregation were still in effect until the Civil Rights movement, which took place in the 1960s.

Two white agriculturists tend to their pigs at a farm in the South. The 44 glass slides - seven of which are hand-coloured - have emerged for sale at David Lay Auctioneers of Cornwall, England

At a South farm, two white agriculturists care for their pigs. David Lay Auctioneers in Cornwall, England has the 44 glass slides. Seven of them are hand-colored.

After slavery was ended, segregation continued on for many decades 

Officially ending slavery was achieved by the Emancipation Proclamation of1863 and the 13th Amendment of1865. But for newly liberated African-American slaves, the Civil War between 1861 and 1865 didn’t end their lives overnight.

13th Amendment: “Neither slavery nor involuntary service, other than as punishment for crime of which the party shall be duly convicted shall exist within United States and any place under their jurisdiction.” 

“The Congress shall have the power to enforce the article using appropriate legislation.”

In 1868, the 14th and 15th Amendments granted citizenship to citizens of all races and former slaves. They also allowed them to vote for President 1868. However, this was not true for most black Americans. 

New laws were passed in many Southern states, which created barriers for voter registration and led to widespread disenfranchisement.

Jim Crow laws, local laws, and Black Codes were also preventing emancipated slavery from attaining equality. 

Some free slaves had to work on the same plantations as their former slaves. Convicts were then forced into slavery, and slaves became slaves by sharecropping. 

Jim Crow laws required racial segregation at all facilities of the Confederacy’s former Confederacy. This included public transport, schools and restaurants as well as drinking fountains, public transportation, public bathrooms, public transport, public transport, public toilets, public restrooms, and public transport.

Jim Crow is now a negative term used by black Americans because of its popularity. The Jump Jim Crow song and dance, which was in blackface since the 1830s, became very popular.

Thomas D. Rice played the role Crow in the wildly successful tours of the US and Great Britain. He was believed to have been based on an actual disabled slave. 

Jim Crow, a term that refers to the restrictions placed on the rights and freedoms of black people during the late 19th-century, was used for the White Supremacy rules. 

Many of these cruel laws were not removed until 1965, when the Civil Rights movement took over.