Though ivy is far maligned for many of the yr, over the approaching weeks it will likely be given a few of the respect it totally deserves as a part of the seasonal decorations with swags of inexperienced indoors and wreaths hanging on our entrance doorways.

However I like ivy as a backyard plant and there’s no must worry it. It’s one in every of our only a few native evergreens and has many virtues that each gardener ought to nurture. It offers a inexperienced wall or floor at a time of yr when virtually nothing else is giving any sort of show. 

It’ll tolerate extremes of solar and chilly, will develop in virtually full shade and, as soon as established, requires little or no moisture. It’s self-clinging so wants no elaborate assist construction. It offers very important winter cowl for bugs, birds and bats – all of that are an necessary a part of a wholesome backyard. 

UK-based gardening expert Monty Don (pictured) explained the importance of ivy for a healthy garden throughout winter

UK-based gardening knowledgeable Monty Don (pictured) defined the significance of ivy for a wholesome backyard all through winter 

It flowers very late within the yr so is likely one of the prime sources of nectar for autumnal bugs and honey constructed from ivy flowers has a selected crystalline high quality that’s scrumptious.

To be clear, ivy will not be a parasite so it doesn’t draw vitamins from the plant it climbs up. Self-clinging rootlets – which solely develop on the facet away from the sunshine and in response to a younger shoot touching a agency floor – develop to assist the ivy quite than to feed it. 


Q My daughter has a really overgrown russet apple tree. When could be the most effective time to prune it and the way laborious?

Heather Bredemear, Essex

A Pruning at any time from now till the top of February will stimulate recent regrowth with out doing any hurt. Lower away all inward development and any crossing branches to create an open, goblet form – however by no means take away greater than a 3rd of any tree at a time.

Q I’ve two healthy-looking lemon timber grown from pips about seven years in the past however they’ve by no means produced lemons. Any recommendation, please?

Mrs Sandra Parry, Wrexham

A It’s commonplace for a lemon tree to develop for seven years earlier than producing fruit. Yours will accomplish that in time, so be affected person however there’s no assure the lemons will likely be good to eat once they do arrive. Planting a grafted tree or rising one from a chopping is a a lot better guess in case you’re on the lookout for good fruit.

Q I’m over-wintering olive timber in a cool greenhouse. How usually ought to I water them?

Stephen Hull, Notts

A Not more than as soon as a month. Give them a soak after which allow them to dry out fully earlier than watering once more. In the event that they get too dry, leaves will begin to fall, which will likely be your cue to water extra usually.

Write to Monty Don at Weekend, Day by day Mail, 2 Derry Road, London W8 5TT or e mail Please embody your full identify and tackle. We remorse Monty can’t reply to letters personally.

When the basis touches the floor it thickens barely and varieties an adhesive pad, however can not soak up meals or water, disproving the notion that ivy attracts moisture from a wall it clings to. Certainly, in case you sever the primary trunk of ivy so no vitamins are being despatched up from the soil, it’s going to invariably die. Ivy will, nonetheless, defend a tree from mild, which can finally kill it.

Ivy, Hedera helix, is one in every of 5 native woody climbers (the opposite 4 are clematis, honeysuckle, woody nightshade and the canine rose), although it’s going to present glorious floor cowl as soon as established. H. h. ‘Hibernica’ has very massive leaves, grows quick and is much less inclined to climb, so is your best option for this.

As ivy matures, the leaves alter from being multilobed to having a slender, elliptical define. Which means that, on the identical plant, you will have leaves so completely different as to look like from a separate species. 

Solely when the leaves have undergone this alteration does the ivy produce flowers, which seem in late autumn. These blooms are adopted by the attribute black berries, that are extremely calorific and an necessary winter meals for birds comparable to blackbirds and thrushes. 

If the ivy plant may be very uncovered, nonetheless, it’s going to by no means flower as a result of the season’s new development is simply too tender to outlive the chilly and develop mature leaves.

There are lots of of types of ivy, starting from the tiny-leafed H. h. ‘Arran’ to the good floppy foliage of ‘Azorica’. There are sorts with deeply lobed leaves comparable to ‘Dragon Claw’, easy ones like ‘Brokamp’, rococo swirls like ‘Fluffy Ruffles’ and any variety of variations involving yellow and creamy white.

One of the widespread causes for younger ivy vegetation failing to prosper is straightforward neglect. The reality is, ivy wants watering like some other plant till it’s established, so water younger vegetation effectively and mulch with good compost simply as you’ll some other climber or shrub.

So, deck your corridor this Christmas with nice swags of ivy but additionally be taught to welcome it in your backyard. I hope you all have a really completely happy Christmas and I will likely be again within the New 12 months. 


Monty said mistletoe likes damp weather and generates some food via photosynthesis from its evergreen leaves

Monty mentioned mistletoe likes damp climate and generates some meals by way of photosynthesis from its evergreen leaves

In my backyard proper now, the mistletoe has ripe berries. Though the plant, which likes damp climate, generates some meals by way of photosynthesis from its evergreen leaves, it wants a bunch. Mistletoe’s roots work into the host wooden, finally killing the department – and making certain its personal dying, too. 

Birds eat the milky-white berries and, once they wipe the fruit from their beaks, seeds follow the bark which then germinate. You may copy this – rub ripe fruits into the bark of a hawthorn, apple, poplar, lime or area maple and subsequent spring a shoot will seem.


Place your Christmas tree within the coolest spot you possibly can and by no means subsequent to a radiator. Even when it has no roots, it must be set in a container that holds water. The tree will draw up water for per week or two by way of its trunk, so prime it up each few days.