For 20 years, archaeologists searched the interior limestone caves at Haida Gwaii. They discovered the remains of an ancient domestic dog.

Hakai Institute’s team discovered a tooth with a history of 13,100 year. This was confirmed by DNA dating and radiocarbon dating to prove that it is a canine derived from a domestic pet.

The oldest evidence of domestication in America was found in Illinois, with 10,190- to 9,630-year old domestic dogs.

An analysis of DNA revealed the dog’s relationship to the grey Wolf, now found in North American Wolves. 

The team, led by Hakai Institute, uncovered a tooth that dates back 13,100 years, which they confirmed to be a canine from a domestic dog using DNA analysis and radiocarbon dating

Hakai Institute led the team that discovered a tooth dating back to 13,100 years. They confirmed it was a dog from domestic dogs using radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis.

Canadian caves were also home to ancient artifacts of humans, such as stone tools and spearpoints. This suggests that people lived in this area for 200 years before previously thought and used it likely for hunting.

Quaternary Sciences Reviews published this study. It focuses on three karst caves located in Haida Gwaii’s southern region: K1, Gaadu Din 1. and Gaadu Din 2.

In 2000-2003, the team examined K1 and found over 1,000 fossils of ancient animals. This included brown bears who lived 17200 years ago.

Gaadu Din 1 (the second cave) is located on the east end of the island. This cave was discovered between 2003 and 2007. 

The Canadian caves also held ancient human artifacts, including stone tools and spearpoints, which suggests humans occupied this region 200 years than previously believed and likely used the dog for hunting

Canadian caves held ancient human artifacts including spearpoints and stone tools. It is possible that these people used this area for hunting 200 years before we thought.

The team investigated K1 in 2000 through 2003, when they found more than 1,000 remains of ancient animals, including those belonging to brown bears that lived 17,200 years ago

K1 was investigated by the team from 2000 to 2003. They found over 1000 remains of animals including brown bears, which lived 17.200 years ago.

They found bone from canids and salmon, bears, deer, canids, fish, and many other animals that are between 13,400- 11,200 years of age. The canine tooth was 13,100 years old. 

According to DNA testing, the dog is related to the gray wolf that was originally from east Asia at the time.

The researchers say the dog likely crossed over the Bering Strait bridge with ancient humans, but it then bred with other wolves when it came to what is now Canada – the analysis shows a connection between the ancient dog and today’s North American wolves.

Gaadu DIN 1 contained an almost complete bear skull, suggesting that the bears of the past were killed and taken to the cave before they could eat it.

The team found bones from bears, deer, canids, salmon and other animals that range from 13,400 to 11,200 years old, along with the 13,100-year-old canine tooth

They found bone from canids and salmon, bears, canids, fish, and other animals between 13,400- 11,200 years of age, as well as a canine tooth that was 13,100 years old.

The second cave, Gaadu Din 1, sits on the east side of the island and was explored from 2003 through 2007. The team found bones from bears, deer, canids, salmon and other animals that range from 13,400 to 11,200 years old, along with the 13,100-year-old canine tooth

Gaadu Din 1 is the second cave and it was discovered from 2003 to 2007. Together with the 13100 year-old canine tooth and bones of bears, canids, and canids that were found by the team, they discovered bone fragments from canids, salmon, and canids.

“The Haida Gwaii data from the karst caves show that humans hunted bear in this region at least 12,600 Years ago. The study suggests that the tradition could have been extended back a millennium if the 13-year-old Gaadu DIN 1 dog, who was part of a hunting group, reads the report.

“It seems plausible that these maritime-oriented persons arrived on Haida Gwaii by the same route that they used to travel. [ancient]Brown bears crossed the Alaskan coast to reach Southeast Alaska and Haida Gwaii.

Gaadu din 2 was also the final cave to be explored. 

A near complete bear skull was also found in Gaadu Din 1, which suggests the ancient bears were killed by humans and brought to the cave to treat it before eating it

Gaadu DIN 1 contained an almost complete skull of the bear. This suggests that the bears from the past were killed and taken to the cave in order to be treated before they were eaten.

And the Gaadu Din 2 cave was the last to be investigated. This cave, however, only held fossilized remains of 150 different animals, including rockfish, rodents and bears

Gaadu din 2 was also explored. However, this cave only contained fossilized remains from 150 animals including rodents, bears, and rockfish.

However, this cave only contained fossilized remains from 150 animals (including rodents, bears, and rockfish).

Quentin Mackie an archaeologist from the University of Victoria, told Hakai Magazine that he had never expected to find artifacts within those caves.

« All three [the caves]There are many similar caves along the coast, according to archaeological evidence.


The genetic analysis of dog remains from Eurasia revealed that the dogs were domesticated by one person, approximately 20,000-40,000 Years ago.

MailOnline was informed by Dr Krishna Veeramah (a Stony Brook University assistant professor of evolution) that dog domestication is a complex process. It involves many generations, where the signature traits of dogs evolve slowly.

The current hypothesis suggests that dogs were domesticated passively. A population of wolves could exist in other parts of the world, living near hunter-gatherer camp shacks and eating refuse from humans.

“Those wolves who were calmer and more patient would be more successful. While the humans didn’t initially benefit, they will eventually develop a symbiotic relationship. [mutually beneficial]These dogs have become part of our daily lives.