The next year will see skyrocketing mortgage interest payments for British homeowners. This could add hundreds of pounds to annual bills. Brokers are advising homeowners to make overpayments while rates remain low.

NatWest already responded to the Budget yesterday by increasing rates on a variety of its fixed deals by 0.1% since Rishi Sunak spoke yesterday. Experts called this ‘yet other, unwelcome squeeze on the family budget’. 

Yesterday’s Budget and Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR), both showed that homeowners should prepare for the largest increase in interest payments since the financial crises.

According to the Treasury-funded public body this is because rising inflation could cause the Bank of England increase interest rates from the current 0.1% to 0.75% by 2023. 

Forecasters predicted that this would have a huge impact on the amount of mortgage interest payers must pay. They predict that this would lead to homeowners paying 13 percent more in mortgage interests in 2023.

This would be followed by a further rise of 5.4% the following year. Shaw Financial Services, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire mortgage expert Lewis Shaw, advised calm, but also advised MailOnline that people should “talk to a brokerage, cut back unnecessary spending, make overpayments on their mortgage while rates are low”.  

Ashley Thomas, Magni Finance director in London, stated that he had observed ‘a number lenders slightly increase their rate over the last week’, and that it was ‘inevitable’ that rates would rise going forward. 

The Liberal Democrats said the predicted future increases could add £300 onto the typical mortgage in a year.  Sir Ed Davey, the leader of the Liberal Democrats, warned that this is the greatest threat homeowners face since the 2008 financial crash. He said that it could lead to homeowners struggling to keep up with rising inflation, and rising mortgage costs.

These figures were included in documents published by OBR along with yesterday’s Budget. They use the OBR’s central forecast, which predicts interest rates rising to 0.75 percent. 

Forecasts produced by the Office for Budget Responsibility alongside yesterday's Budget suggest rising inflation may prompt the Bank of England to put up interest rates from the current 0.1 per cent to 0.75 per cent by the end of 2023

Yesterday’s Budget and forecasts by the Office for Budget Responsibility suggest that rising inflation could cause the Bank of England, alongside the Bank of England, to raise interest rates from the current 0.1% to 0.75% by 2023

They warn that interest rates could rise further. Forecasters believe inflation will rise because of a ‘wage spiral or energy shock that could cause inflation to reach a three-decade high above 5% next year.

It stated that this would cause the Bank of England (the Bank of England) to raise interest rates, which would have significant repercussions for mortgage holder.

We’re worried about our home loan, say musicians paying £1,200 a month on a two-year 2% fixed rate

Matthew Knight and Lucy Knight, classical musicians are concerned about rising inflation because they have a fixed mortgage rate of only two percent.

Lucy and Matthew Knight (pictured with their one-year-old daughter, Darcey) fear they will be hit by rising inflation

Matthew and Lucy Knight (pictured with Darcey, their one-year old daughter) fear rising inflation will force them to flee.

The couple are paying around £1,200 a month for their mortgage on their detached house – more than they were prior to the pandemic as they took advantage of a mortgage holiday.

They fear that interest rates will rise to 5%, and they could end up paying significantly more than they planned to once their fixed rate of 2 percent ends in a year.

Mrs Knight, 34, a singer in English National Opera, stated that the inflation rate could have an impact on her re-mortgage.

She and her husband, a trombonist in the Philharmonic Orchestra’s Trombone Section, lost all of their income during the pandemic. Instead, they started their own business, Treble and Trumpet. It records classical nursery rhymes and keeps them at home with Darcey, their newborn baby.

The couple, from Great Missenden in Buckinghamshire, had a house to remodel and soaring energy costs. They were also worried about rising living costs. They waited eagerly to see if there would be any Government announcements that would help them.

Mrs Knight stated that it was disappointing that no green initiatives had been announced. She said that running their household will not get any cheaper.

They moved from London to buy their current home, with the intention of renovating it to be as eco-friendly and sustainable as possible.

They were able to rewire their home and get it insulated before the pandemic struck. But they were left without the funds to continue the project.

Their electricity bills with Bulb, a renewable energy company has doubled in the last month. They had hoped that solar panels would help reduce this. However, they have been holding off on the £8,000 to £10,000 expenditure.

They had hoped that the Government would offer green home incentives to assist them in becoming more eco-friendly. But they have not received the help that they were hoping for.

Mrs Knight stated that she was not eligible for the Self Employed Income Support Scheme because of strict guidelines. She said that we were one of three million self-employed people who didn’t get any help.

“After a difficult few decades in which the music industry has been severely affected by the pandemic, I was hoping for green initiatives to lower the cost of living. It’s disappointing. We set up the business to work remotely during the pandemic. However, rising energy costs have made it more expensive to run a business from home. 

The combination of record house prices as well as years of low interest rates has led to the predicted rise.

Sir Ed said, “The Chancellor has created a perfect storm.” It is now the worst moment in a generation for homeowners.

British homeowners face a toxic cocktail of interest rates rises, house price increases, and council tax hikes.

“This ghastly forecast should send chills down the Chancellor’s spine. The way he ignored the cost-of-living crisis in the budget was reckless and out of touch. How is he going about addressing a mortgage crisis if he can’t manage the cost of living crisis?

“People who work hard and follow the rules deserve fair treatment.” It is time to end the tax hikes, and to solve this cost-of-living crisis to stop this ticking mortgage bomb.

The Lib Dems illustrated the effect of the rise by looking at the example of someone buying an average-price house (£264,000) with a 25-year Loan-to-value mortgage at an average 2 per cent interest rate.

At present, they are paying £191.52 a month in interest. If that rises by 13 per cent in 2023, that will rise to £216.41 a month. That is an extra £24.90 month or £299 a year. 

Among those concerned by rising inflation are classical musicians Lucy and Matthew Knight, who have a 2 per cent fixed-rate mortgage – and fear they will be hit by rising inflation when they have to renegotiate in a year.

The couple, who live in a detached house in Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, with one-year-old daughter Darcey, pay around £1,200 a month.

Their next deal could be significantly more expensive, however, with interest rates expected to reach 5%.

Mrs Knight, 34, a singer at the English National Opera, stated that she had hoped for green initiatives to lower the cost of living in the long-term. However, it was disappointing.

MailOnline was able to hear from a range of mortgage experts on the current situation. Mr Thomas said: “We have seen a few lenders slightly increase rates over the last week. As rates have been very low for a while, it is likely that they will rise in the future.

“The fixed rates are still very affordable. Depending on your situation, you can get a rate lower than 1%. It is worth looking into a fixed rate. 

“If you are currently on the lender’s Standard variable rate and have no plans to move or pay more, you could save significant money by securing a fixed option while rates are low.

Dominik Lipnicki is the director of Your Mortgage Decisions based in Market Deeping (Cambridgeshire). He said: “We have already seen lenders like NatWest react to yesterday’s budget increase and increasing rates. 

Although the increases may seem small, they will have a significant impact on family budgets for many borrowers already suffering high fuel and energy prices and inflation. 

‘What will be even more concerning for borrowers is the fact that Rishi sunak began his budget speech by effectively allowing the Bank of England to do whatever they need to manage inflation. That could well result in a hike in the base rate in the short and medium term, pushing mortgage prices even higher.

Robert Payne, cofounder of Langley House Mortgages in Bristol, told MailOnline that there is no doubt that interest rates will rise. The base rate has never been lower and is not sustainable.

“Reducing interest rates is a weapon that the Government has in its arsenal to combat economic challenges. However, it is now firing the last of its ammunition. It can’t go on for too long.

“There is no set date for when rates will rise, and each lender will decide when to modify their product offering. However, it is likely that it will be imminently so if your current deal expires within the next six month it is worth speaking with a broker to lock in a new rate. ‘

He also spoke out about the available options and explained why some people might prefer fixed rates over longer-term ones.

Mr. Payne stated that there has been a significant increase in the longer-term fixed rate as people try to take advantage of low rates before they rise.

Fixed rates of five years are the most popular option, as many people don’t like being tied down for any longer than five years.

“Personally, I believe that longer term fixes are being undersold and could prove to be suitable for many borrowers. Especially given that there are some fixed rates of ten years with five-year early repayment fees, which provide ultimate security and flexibility.

Shaw Financial Services’ Mr Shaw advised caution about rumours that mortgage rates were going up at midnight. He said, “It’s not going to happen.”

MailOnline was told by he that this is not how lenders work. They don’t move in unison because they are always trying to outmanoeuvre each other rather than fix the price of the market, which would lead to them all being dragged over the coals by regulators.

Shaw said that mortgage payments will rise by a third. Absolutely not. It would lead to repossessions and a devastating economic impact that would make 2008 seem like a walk in a park.

“If a person is currently paying a standard variable rate from their lender, it’s a good idea for them to remortgage to a better deal and lock-in for at least five years, depending on their financial situation.

Chancellor Rishi Sunak holds the Budget Box as he leaves 11 Downing Street in London yesterday

Yesterday, Rishi Sunak, Chancellor of India, holds the Budget Box as his departure from 11 Downing Street in London.

In a stark assessment alongside the Budget, the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) said its central forecast is for headline CPI to peak at 4.4 per cent in the second quarter of year

The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR), which is presenting a stark assessment of the Budget, said that its central forecast was for headline CPI at 4.4 percent in the second half of the year.

In both scenarios, CPI inflation could go up to 5.4 per cent, with the OBR saying that the Bank of England base rate would need to soar to 3.5 per cent from the low of 0.1 per cent now

In either scenario, CPI inflation could rise to 5.4%. OBR states that the Bank of England base interest rate would have to soar from the low of 0.1 percent to reach 3.5%.

“I expect mortgage rates rising in the event of a Bank of England raise but this is marginal and as long people take the necessary actions with a little financial planning and management it shouldn’t really hurt too much.

What does a rate rise mean?

What is the bankrate?

Also known as the Base Rate, this is the benchmark interest rate of the Bank of England that banks and other financial institutions use for pricing their loans and savings.

It is now where?

The bank rate is at an all-time low level of 0.1%. It was cut to March 2020 in order to avoid a pandemic-induced financial crisis. Since February 2009, it has been below 0.75 percent.

Is it set to rise and why?

Economists and markets agree. The Bank of England is supposed set the bank rate to manage inflation and keep it below 2 percent. Inflation has not been a threat, despite the fact that the economy has been in decline for many years. 

Despite the recent economic recovery from lockdown, the surging crude oil price and other supply chain blockages have returned with a vengeance this year. Now, inflation is at 3.1% and it is expected to rise. 

Economists and money market participants believe there is a good possibility that the BoE could raise rates in November or December.

What has changed in the past year?

The Office for Budget Responsibility forecasts, which were released with the Autumn Budget, showed that inflation will peak at 4.4% in the second quarter of next year and average 4.4% over 2022. 

Rishi Sunak also stated he had written Andrew Bailey, BoE Governor to remind him of how important it is to control inflation!

So rates are increasing?

It is only a matter of when and how much. Initial increases are likely to be cautious at 0.25 percent or 0.50 for bank rates. It seems likely that we will see a rise by the end of the year.

The OBR warned that inflation could go even higher – above 5 per cent – and in in a worst-case scenario the implied interest rates that would be required to get inflation back down would be a bank rate of 3.5 per cent. 

What difference will it make for me?

Even in the best-case scenario mortgage rates will increase and the best current mortgage deals may be pulled.

A tracker or variable rate agreement could result in a rise in your monthly payments very soon after a rate hike. Fixed rate deals will protect you until it expires. However, it does mean that not all the best deals are available at the time you apply for a mortgage.

What can you do?

If you are on a variable rate – especially if it is an expensive standard variable rate – you might want to think about applying for a two or even a five-year fixed rate while they are cheap. People who are already on fixed rate deals can apply for a lower rate six months before the mortgage expires.

But savings rates will at least start to rise?

We can only hope. It is up to the banks how quickly and how often they pass rate increases on as better savings rates. They have historically been quicker to raise mortgage rates than they were to increase savings rates.


He continued, “Rates are currently at historically low levels and even if rates were to increase in unison by 0.5-1 percent across the board, they’d still still be better than most rates over the last 25-years.”

Shaw advised people that they should talk to brokers, cut back on unnecessary spending and make overpayments to their mortgage rates while rates are low. 

MailOnline was told by Imran Khan of Harmony Financial Services, Nottingham: ‘It shouldn’t come as a surprise to anyone unless you have been living under rocks that rates are low for a long period and will rise eventually.

“One thing we can be sure of is that they will not rise to rates that people may have remembered from the 80s when the average rate was 16.63%.

“Lenders have been being extremely competitive for borrowers with 25 percent or more in equity or deposit. This allows lenders to balance risk and is what has been happening recently. Rate changes are typically nominal, such as 10bps. For borrowers already tied to fixed rates, there is no need for panic, as they will not be affected until re-mortgage.

Joshua Gerstler, a chartered accountant and owner at Borehamwood’s Orchard Practice in Borehamwood (Hertfordshire), told MailOnlinbe, “It’s important to not panic and not feel pressured into taking a rush decision.” 

“I have yet not seen any changes in mortgage rate as a result budget and do not expect them to. They are more susceptible to being affected by interest rate expectations. Even if mortgage rates do rise, they are still very affordable and there are many great deals.

Nicholas Christofi, managing Director of London-based Sirius Property Finance, told MailOnline that ‘Very few mortgages were linked to the Bank of England base rates as a consequence of the credit crunch. So any movement is unlikely impact the consumer immediately.

“When this movement is realized, lenders may follow suit, so those with variable rates could see an increase on their mortgage payments.

“But this is not cause for panic. Mortgage rates fluctuate and although they may rise, this is not a return of the 1990s. Mortgage rates will remain at historic lows. Regulations have mandated that new borrowers be’stretch-tested’ before they are granted a loan to avoid financial turmoil.

Fixed-rate deals can still be very affordable in comparison to historic costs. However, there’s no need to feel pressured into signing one today.

Scott Taylor-Barr from Carl Summers Financial Services in Newport (Shropshire) said that interest rates have been at record lows for a few decades now, so there will be a rise. The questions are: when and how much? 

“The Bank of England has stated many times that they will increase the base interest rate in small increments over a long time period. This is because the economy is not likely to tolerate a large increase in the base rate given all the other factors businesses face and the current economic climate.

‘There is not a direct correlation between the base interest rate at the Bank of England with the retail rates most households have. It could be that mortgage rates rise, even though the base rate doesn’t, or that they rise at a different rate.

“It is also possible that competitive pressures lead to retail interest rates rising at a slower pace than the Bank of England rate. It all comes down to how much the base rates rise, what the major High Street banks do, and where each lender is sourcing the funds that they lend out as mortgages. Rates can rise at any given time, and we have had it very nice for a long time.

Rhys Schofield (Managing Director at Peak Mortgages and Protection, Belper, Derbyshire) said that although there have been slight increases to some lenders rates in the last few weeks, this seems to be independent and unrelated to the Budget. It is not sustainable to offer borrowing rates below 1 percent in some cases. 

Public sector net borrowing will be lower than had been expected in March, thanks to the improved overall economic picture

The improved economic picture will mean that public sector net borrowing in March will be lower than expected.

Public sector debt does not rise as high under the latest OBR projections

The latest OBR projections show that public sector debt has not increased as much. 

The tax burden is going to its highest level since the Second World War, despite Rishi Sunak's promise that he wants to cut it

Despite Rishi Sunak’s promises to reduce it, the tax burden is at its highest point since the Second World War. 

“Funnily enough, there seems to have been more movement in lenders offering “green mortgages” with lower rates for energy efficient homes. This is actually likely to save some consumers some money.

Key points about Budget 2021

  • Rishi Sunak stated that he was creating a stronger economy for the British people.
  • He warned about the ongoing challenges from Covid 
  • According to the Office for Budget Responsibility, inflation is expected to average 4% over the next year. In September, it was 3.1%.
  • Sunak: ‘The pressures caused by supply chains and energy prices will take months to ease.’ 
  • Vehicle excise tax for HGVs is frozen for a year  
  • Extended suspension of HGV levy for another year 
  • OBR predicts that the economy will return to pre–Covid levels by the end of the year, sooner than expected
  • Forecast 6.5% growth in 2018, up from 4.6%, then 6.6% in 2022. 
  • But lower rates of 2.1 per cent in 2023, 1.3 per cent in 2024 and 1.6 per cent in 2025 
  • Lower than expected, unemployment forecast to peak at 5.2% 
  • After being cut to 0.5%, the foreign aid budget will rise to 0.7 percent of GDP by 2024/2025.
  • Every Whitehall department will get a ‘real terms rise in overall spending’ as part of the Spending Review, amounting to £150 billion
  • Borrowing as percentage of GDP is expected to drop from 7.9 % this year to 3.3 % next year. Next year, it will fall to 2.4%, 1.7 %, 1.7 1%, and 1.5 % in the years to come. 
  • A levy will be placed on property developers with profits over £25 million at a rate of 4 per cent to help create a £5 billion fund to remove unsafe cladding 
  • The national minimum wage will increase from £8.91 to £9.50 from April next year. 
  • NHS gets an extra £6billion to pay for new equipment and new facilities to clear Covid backlog. 
  • Brownfield sites covering the equivalent of 2,000 football pitches could be turned into plots for housing as part of a £1.8billion injection. 
  • A £2.6billion pot of funding set up to help children with special educational needs and disabilities. 
  • Levelling up transport outside of London will benefit to the tune of nearly £7billion, paying for a range of projects, including tram improvements. 
  • The Department of Health and Social Care will receive £5billion over the next three years to fund research and development in areas such as genome sequencing and tackling health inequalities. 
  • A cash injection of £3billion will be given to both post-16 education but also to adults later in life. 
  • £850million spent over three years to ‘breathe life’ back into cultural hotspots like London’s V&A museum, Tate Liverpool and Imperial War Museum Duxford
  • Ageing Border Force vessels will be replaced by new cutters as part of a £700million investment to improve the safety of Britain’s borders. 
  • Universal Credit taper rate was slashed by 8% to allow working recipients to keep more cash benefits. 
  • He presented the’most radical simplifying of alcohol duties for more than 140 years’, which reduces the number rates paid from 15 up to six
  • The rate of tax increases the stronger the drink, but some beverages with high percentages are not subject to this tax.
  • Small cidermakers and other producers of alcoholic drinks containing less than 8.5% alcohol per volume (ABV) will be eligible for a new’small producer relief.
  • Draught relief is a new lower rate of duty for cider and beer.  
  • Fuel duty increase canceled for the 12th year running 

It comes after yesterday’s warnings by the Government’s financial watchdog that an energy shock or ‘wage spiral” could cause inflation to rise to a record 5.4 percent next year. This would force the Bank of England into taking drastic action on interest rates, which would have serious repercussions on mortgage holders. 

The OBR provided a stark assessment along with the Budget. It stated that its central forecast is for headline CPI levels to peak at 4.4% in the second half of the year. This is well above the current 3.1% and more then twice the Bank’s 2 percent target.

It warned, however, that data from the time that the document was prepared suggests a figure of 5% to be more realistic.

This high level of inflation could prompt the Bank to raise interest rates. In this move, monthly mortgage payments could increase by as much a third.

OBR outlined two scenarios where the situation could become even worse: with either a mild wage spiral’ developing or continual pressure on energy and product costs.

Both could see CPI inflation rise to 5.4%, with OBR stating that the Bank of England base rates would need to rise to 3.5% from the low of 0.1% now.

This shift would cause homeowners great pain as they would be faced with increasing mortgage costs.

A family with a £150,000 25-year mortgage could see monthly repayments increase from £759 to £1,060 – if the current gap between the Standard Variable Rate and the Bank’s interest rate was maintained.

Rising interest rates would also result in ‘fiscal consequences’ for the Government because the cost of servicing the £2.2trillion public debt mountain would rise.

Rishi Sunak, unveiling his Budget yesterday, stated that he was renewing Bank of England’s core duty to keep inflation under check.

He stated that he had written to the Governor of Bank of England to reiterate their mandate to achieve stable and low inflation.

The OBR stated that in both scenarios, an additional sharp and persistent rise in costs would cause inflation to peak at 5.4% (1 percentage point above our central prediction and the highest rate in 30 years), and then fall back more slowly than in the central forecast.

“Based on a simple monetary rule, the Bank rate in our scenario reaches 3.5% (its highest level since November 2008), thereby suppressing inflationary pressures and moderating demand. However, inflation still takes one year longer to reach its target than it did in our central forecast.

“At its peak, the effect of this vigorous monetary tightening stops a further 2 to 3.5% rise in inflation, and the price level without it would be about 6 to 8.8% higher at the scenario horizon.

The OBR’s central projection for growth for this year raised its forecast from 4 percent in March to 6.5% – less than some had hoped. However, it is still enough to bring activity back to pre-Covid levels.

Next year’s GDP is expected at 6 percent, which is lower than the 7.3% recorded in the last set.

Critically, the’scarring’, which is long-term damage to an economy, is now only 2 per cent.

The watchdog also predicts that unemployment will reach 5.2 per cent by the end of the crisis, which is only a fraction compared to what was expected at the peak of the crisis.

‘Today’s Budget does not draw any line under Covid. We have difficult months ahead,’ Mr Sunak stated. “But today’s Budget does start the work of preparing an economy post-Covid.

Jonathan Gillham, chief economist of PwC, stated that the rapid recovery must be seen through the lense of inflation, which is largely being “imported” from overseas.

Government spending is going to continue higher than it was before the pandemic as a proportion of GDP

As a percentage of GDP, government spending will continue to rise than it did before the pandemic.

The scenarios with a huge spike in inflation would have knock-on effects for the wider economy, the OBR said

According to the OBR, scenarios that result in a large spike in inflation could have knock-on effects on the wider economy. 

“This is because some countries are not as open as the UK, are still locked downs and have less access vaccines, so supply chain shortages are common.

‘Also energy prices have risen steeply, again because key production and extracting facilities are not at full capability.

‘There is more competition for scarce resources. Inflation forecasts for 2020 have more than doubled from the last forecast peaking at 4.4% during the second quarter of 2022.

The UK’s jobs market is also being helped by the bounceback and massive furlough support. The OBR now expects that the unemployment rate will peak at 5.2%, which is a decrease from the previous 5.6% and the 12.5% originally feared.

Mr Sunak presented a set of new fiscal rules called the Charter for Budget Responsibility. These will ensure that day-to-day spending cannot be funded by borrowing and allow for underlying debt, currently at around 100 percent of GDP, to fall.

OBR stated that the Chancellor is on track for meeting his new goal of reducing underlying debt by 2024-25, thanks to the improved fiscal outlook.

This is thanks to sharply lower borrowing expected in each year under the forecasts, with the OBR now saying it believes borrowing will drop to £183 billion or 7.9 per cent of GDP in 2021-22, down from the 10.3 per cent or £234 billion previously predicted and almost half the record £320 billion amassed in 2020-21 after a mammoth £315 billion of emergency pandemic support.

Borrowing will then drop to £83 billion or 3.3 per cent of GDP next year, then decline gradually to 2.4 per cent, 1.7 per cent and 1.7 per cent in the following years before reaching £44 billion or 1.5 per cent in 2026-27.

This would mean that borrowing at the forecasthorizon 1 percent of GDP would be lower than it was prior to the pandemic and the lowest level in 25 years, according the OBR.

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