Stonehenge’s original creator was known to have made ‘Neolithic mince pie’. Experts discovered evidence that Stonehenge people used nuts and sloeberries 4,500 years ago.

  • Durrington Walls Excavations revealed that sweet foods had been cooked.
  • They included hazelnuts and crab apples, as well as sloe berries.
  • English Heritage said that Neolithic builders might have used’mince pie’ to make their pies.
  • Each Monday in December, volunteers will make pies inspired and baked by discoveries.

English Heritage suggests that Stonehenge builders may have been fueled by ‘Neolithic mince-pies’ 4500 years ago.  

Archaeologists excavated Durrington Walls in order to find out where the builders built the monument. This settlement was established around 2,500 BC.  

The evidence showed that builders collected and prepared hazelnuts. 

Evidence was found at Durrington Walls, Amesbury, that the builders gathered and cooked hazelnuts, sloes, crab apples and other fruit. Pictured: English Heritage volunteers make Neolithic-inspired mince pies on the hearth at the Neolithic houses in Stonehenge

Durrington Walls in Amesbury provided evidence that builders cooked hazelnuts and sloes as well as crab apples. Pictured: English Heritage volunteer make Neolithic-inspired mince patties on Stonehenge’s hearth.

Researchers discovered that charred plant remains had been found at the site. These findings led to researchers assuming that they may have served as a way to preserve and flavor foods. 

It was not known if Stonehenge’s builders ate sweeter food, but they were likely to have eaten pork, beef, and dairy.  

While there’s no evidence to support the use of pastry, it is possible that people were able to create pastry using wheat, hazelnut and acorn flour. 

English Heritage claimed that builders might have used a clay pot or flat stone to bake Neolithic “mince pies” similar to welsh cakes.  

Until now it was unclear whether the builders of Stonehenge, on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, were eating sweeter foods but it was believed they ate pork, beef and dairy. Pictured: A volunteer holds a basket of sweet fruits and nuts on the site

Although it wasn’t clear whether Stonehenge builders, located on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire were eating sweeter foods, it is believed that they did eat pork, beef, or dairy. Photo: The site volunteer holding a basket containing sweet fruits and nuts.

There is no direct evidence pastry was used but people at the time knew how to grow cereal crops and could have made pastry from wheat, hazelnut or acorn flour. Pictured: Ingredients for the Neolithic-inspired mince pies are laid out for cooking

Although there isn’t any evidence that pastry was ever used, people of the Neolithic era knew how to cultivate cereal crops. They could also have made pastry using wheat, hazelnut, or acorn flour. Pictured: Here are the ingredients to make Neolithic-inspired mince tarts.

English Heritage said the builders could have baked Neolithic 'mince pies' using a flat stone or ceramic pot which was heated in the embers of a fire, similar to a welsh cake. Pictured: The pies sit on the hearth baking

English Heritage stated that the builders may have made Neolithic “mince pie” using either a ceramic or flat stone pot. These were heated over a fire and then baked in a similar manner to welsh cakes. Pictured here: Baked pies on the hearth. 

English Heritage volunteers will make festive pies from the discoveries made at Stonehenge’s Neolithic Houses every Monday of December.  

Susan Greaney of the charity is its senior properties historian.

“Adding meat fats, hazelnuts, and fruits to a energy bar would have been a wonderful idea. It is full of calories.

“Such food might have been consumed for celebration and sustenance. The sharing of food helped the community bond. It encouraged people from all walks to come together to build Stonehenge.

“We will never be able to determine their preferred recipes, but we can imagine travelers receiving a tray full of mince pies.

Find out more and book tickets to English Heritage here.  

Every Monday in December, English Heritage volunteers will make the Neolithic-inspired pies. Pictured: A volunteer watches the pies while they cook on the hearth

English Heritage volunteers make Neolithic-inspired pie every Monday during December. Pictured: Volunteers make the Neolithic-inspired pies as they prepare them on the hearth.

How to make your own NEOLITHIC MINCE PIIES 


Here’s the recipe: 

 2 x handfuls of emmer flour 

½ handful of hazelnut flour 

A knob of lard 

A few drops water  

Filling instructions:

Small sour or four crab apples

A few blackberries

A few sloes

Pureed rosehips (about 1 tablespoon of pureed Rosehips)

One spoonful honey


A few whole berries

A few crushed hazelnuts


A drizzle of honey and some linseeds for the tops


1. Heat your oven at 210°C electric/190° fan/gas mark 5. Your compote filling ingredients can be cut up and placed in a saucepan over medium heat. Cook until tender.

2. Combine the flours and the lard with a little water to make a dough.

3. For the bottom of the pie, create 6 circles and six circles for tops. In a muffin pan, place the pie bases in the cups.

4. Place lids on a plate and water it.

5. When all lids are removed, spray the tops with water. Sprinkle honey, crushed hazelnuts, and linseeds.

6. Bake the bread for 20 minutes until it is golden brown.

7. Enjoy!

Pictured: One of English Heritage's Neolithic-inspired mince pies being made at Stonehenge

Pictured: Stonehenge, England’s Neolithic-inspired mince tarts