What happened?  

Mount Vesuvius erupted around the year AD79. It buried the cities of Pompeii and Oplontis under ashes and rock fragments and the city of Herculaneum beneath a mudflow.  

Mount Vesuvius, located on the west coast Italy, is the only active volcano. It is considered to be one the most dangerous volcanoes worldwide.  

Every single resident died instantly when the southern Italian town was hit by a 500°C pyroclastic hot surge.

Pyroclastic flow is a dense mixture of volcanic materials and hot gas that flows down the side of an active volcano at high speed.

They are more dangerous than lava because they travel faster, at speeds of around 450mph (700 km/h), and at temperatures of 1,000°C.

Pliny, the younger, was an administrator and poet who watched the unfolding of the disaster from a distance. 

Letters that described what he saw were found during the 16th Century.  

His writing suggests that Pompeii was unaware of the eruption.

Mount Vesuvius erupted in the year AD 79, burying the cities of Pompeii, Oplontis, and Stabiae under ashes and rock fragments, and the city of Herculaneum under a mudflow

Mount Vesuvius was erupted in AD 79. It buried the cities Oplontis and Pompeii under ashes and rock fragments and the city and suburb of Herculaneum beneath a mudflow.

He said that a column ‘like an under-pine’ of smoke rose from the volcano making the towns around it black as night.

People ran for safety, screaming, and some wept for several hours as rain of ash- and pumice fell.  

Although the eruption lasted approximately 24 hours, the first pyroclastic waves began at midnight, causing a column of volcanoes to collapse.

At 124mph (199kph), an avalanche demolished the volcano’s side, burying victims and preserving the traces of daily life.  

Hundreds of refugees fled to the Herculaneum seaside, clutching their jewelry, money, and hid in vaulted arcades.

The Orto dei fuggiaschi (The garden of the Fugitives) shows the 13 bodies of victims who were buried by the ashes as they attempted to flee Pompeii during the 79 AD eruption of the Vesuvius volcano

The Orto dei fuggiaschi, or “The Garden of the Fugitives”, shows the 13 bodies that were buried by the ashes of victims who fled Pompeii after the eruption of the Vesuvius volcano in 79 AD.

As people fled Pompeii and hid in homes, their bodies were covered in blankets of the surge.

Pliny did no estimate the number of people who died, but it was described as an ‘exceptional event’ and the number of deaths is thought exceed 10,000.

What have they discovered?

This event not only ended the city’s life but also preserved them until archaeologists found them almost 1700 years later.

The incredible insight into Roman life has been provided by the excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum in the region.

The ash-covered city is constantly being excavated by archaeologists.

Archaeologists discovered an alleyway full of grand houses in May. The balconies were mostly intact and kept their original colors.

A plaster cast of a dog, from the House of Orpheus, Pompeii, AD 79. Around 30,000 people are believed to have died in the chaos, with bodies still being discovered to this day

A plaster cast of a dog from the House Of Orpheus, Pompeii in AD 79. It is believed that around 30,000 people died in the chaos. Many bodies have yet to be found.

Some balconies had amphorae which are conical-shaped Terracotta vases used to store wine or oil in ancient Roman times.

The discovery was described as a ‘completely new’ and the Italian Culture Ministry hopes they will be restored and open to the public.

Upper stores are rare among the ruins from the ancient town. They were destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius volcano, and buried beneath up to six meters worth of volcanic rubble and ash.

It is believed that approximately 30,000 people died in the chaos. There are still bodies being discovered to this very day.