NASA on Friday released stunning footage of a powerful flare shooting out from Earth’s sun.
This burst appears to be a flashing light at the top right of the huge star. The American space agency described it as an M5.5-level flare, or moderately strong.
The solar flare, released at around 01:01 EST, was captured by Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) which continuously observes the sun.
NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory tracks the sun using a fleet spacecraft. They study the entire solar system, including its atmosphere as well as the magnetic fields and particles that surround it.
‘Solar flares are powerful bursts of energy. Flares and solar eruptions can impact radio communications, electric power grids, navigation signals, and pose risks to spacecraft and astronauts,’ NASA shared in a statement.
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NASA on Friday released stunning footage of a powerful flare shooting out from Earth’s sun
M-class flares rank second behind X class flares. They can reach all the way to X20 and represent an extreme sunspot event.
Solar storms are extreme space weather that occurs when solar flares or winds cause plasma to boil-hot and creates dangerous conditions.
While most solar storms can be avoided, severe effects could result from a strong enough impact on Earth.
However, Friday’s sun flare was less intense than others that were emitted by our sun over the years. One observed in 1582 was called a “great fire”
This bright flash of energy looks like it is coming from the top right of the huge star. The American space agency has classified the flare as an M5.5-level flare, or moderately strong.
The flare was actually seen over dozens of cities across Europe and Asia, and eye-witness accounts of the event were just uncovered in April 2021.
Scientists at Cornell University found a report of a ‘fiery red display in the sky’ that lasted three days, while another said ‘fire rays arose above the castle which were dreadful and fearful.’
The event caused a huge solar storm. However, people of the time didn’t know this. Modern-day astronomers use the storms to predict the future.
The solar storm that hit the Earth on March 8, 1582 is comparable to those in 1909 and 1989, which suggest they are a ‘a once-in-a-century occurrence and ‘one or two can be expected in the 21st century,’ experts say.
A similar severe solar storm could cause damage to the modern world and disrupt power lines worldwide.
Pero Ruiz Soares, an eyewitness of the 1582 solar storm, wrote: ‘All that part of the sky appeared burning in fiery flames; it seemed that the sky was burning.’
‘Nobody remembered having seen something like that…At midnight, great fire rays arose above the castle which were dreadful and fearful.
Scientists at Cornell University found eye-witness observations who report a ‘fiery red display in the sky’ that lasted three days, while another said ‘fire rays arose above the castle which were dreadful and fearful.’ Pictured accounts reported over the three day event
It is believed that the solar storm of 1909 was the worst of all the 20th century’s. Japanese auroral records show that bluish colors began to emerge first. Reddish was next.
‘The following day, it happened the same at the same hour but it was not so great and terrifying. Everybody went to the countryside to see this great sign.’
Universe Today first reports that the 1909 solar storm was one of the strongest of the 20th-century.
The aurorae were spectacular and caused severe geomagnetic disturbance.
It was recorded in historical records as an impact on Earth on September 9. This shock wave came from the sun’s solar wind and was then linked to the eruption of plasma from an active spot.
Japanese auroral records show that bluish colors first appeared, then reddish. It also disrupted communications by telegraph in low and mid latitudes.